2019 Holiday Calendar India List of Holidays India

2019 Holiday Calendar India – List of Government and Regional Holidays

New Year 2019 comes with regular set of Government Holidays and Regional Holidays. Holidays are great way to celebrate life, remember legends, spend time with family, get a  balance in our routine lives amidst busy lives.

List of Government Holidays 2019

Holiday Names Holiday Dates Day of the Week
New Year’s Day 1 January 2019 Tuesday
Makara Sankranti 14 January 2019 Monday
Pongal 15 January 2019 Tuesday
Republic Day 26 January 2019 Saturday
Maha Shivratri 04 March 2019 Monday
Holi – Dolyatra – Hazarat Ali’s Birthday 21 March 2019 Thursday
Mahavir Jayanti 17 April 2019 Wednesday
Good Friday 19 April 2019 Friday
Buddha Purnima 18 May 2019 Saturday
Id-ul-Fitr 05 June 2019 Wednesday
Id-ul-Zuha (Bakrid) 12 August 2019 Monday
Independence Day and Raksha Bandhan 15 August 2019 Thursday
Janmashtami 24 August 2019 Saturday
Muharram 10 September 2019 Tuesday
Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday 02 October 2019 Wednesday
Dussehra (Vijay Dashmi) 08 October 2019 Tuesday
Diwali / Naraka Chaturdasi 27 October 2019 Sunday
Milad-un-Nabi – Prohphet Muhammad’s Birthday – ID-E-Milad 10 November 2019 Sunday
Guru Nanak’s Birthday 12 November 2019 Tuesday
Christmas Day 25 December 2019 Wednesday

 

Download – List of Government Holidays 2019

List of Regional Holidays 2019

The Regional Holidays are declared for certain states of our country where such days are more relevant than across the nation.

Holiday Names Holiday Dates Day of the Week
New Year’s Day 2 January 2019 Wednesday
Missionary Day 11 January 2019 Friday
Swami Vivekananda Jayanti 12 January 2019 Saturday
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 13 January 2019 Sunday
Lohri 13 January 2019 Sunday
Makara Sankranti 14 January 2019 Monday
Pongal 15 January 2019 Tuesday
Magh Bihu 15 January 2019 Tuesday
Basant Panchami / Sri Panchami 10 February 2019 Sunday
Guru Ravidas’s Birthday | Shivaji Jayanti 19 February 2019 Tuesday
Swami Dayananda Saraswati Jayanti 01 March 2019 Friday
Holika Dahan 20 March 2019 Wednesday
Holi – Dolyatra – Hazarat Ali’s Birthday 21 March 2019 Thursday
Chaitra Sukladi/Gudi Padava/Ugadi/Cheti Chand 6 April 2019 Saturday
Good Friday 19 April 2019 Friday
Ram Navami (Smarta) 13 April 2019 Saturday
Vaisakhi/Vishu/Mesadi 14 April 2019 Sunday
Vaisakhadi / Bahag Bihu 15 April 2019 Monday
Easter Sunday 21 April 2019 Sunday
Guru Rabindranath’s Birthday 09 May 2019 Thursday
Buddha Purnima 18 May 2019 Saturday
Jamat-Ul-Vida 31 May 2019 Friday
Rath Yatra 4 July 2019 Thursday
Raksha Bandhan 15 August 2019 Thursday
Parsi New Year’s day / Nauraj 17 August 2019 Saturday
Vinayaka Chaturthi / Ganesh Chaturthi 02 September 2019 Monday
Onam or Thiru Onam Day 11 September 2019 Wednesday
Muharram 10 September 2019 Tuesday
Dussehra (Maha Saptami) 05 October 2019 Saturday
Dussehra (Maha Ashtami) 06 October 2019 Sunday
Dussehra (Maha Navmi) 07 October 2019 Monday
Maharishi Valmiki’s Birthday 13 October 2019 Sunday
Karaka Chaturthi (Karva Chouth) 17 October 2019 Thursday
Govardhan Puja 28 October 2019 Monday
Bhai Duj 29 October 2019 Tuesday
Pratihar Sashthi or Surya Sashthi (Chhat Puja) 2 November 2019 Saturday
Guru Teg Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day 24 November 2019 Sunday
Christmas Eve 24 December 2019 Tuesday

 

Use the above official Government Holidays and Regional Holidays to plan your New Year 2019 Leaves better. Wishing you a prosperous happy new year.

Start every day in 2019 with Positive Vibes using Doodle Monk’s Desk Calendar 2019

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Indian Wedding Marriage Indian Shaadi Bride and Groom

10 Unique Secrets Embedded in Indian Arranged Marriage Traditions

This post largely relates to Indian Arranged Marriages conducted as per traditions of The Hindu Religion.

10 Marriage Matching Compatibility

As per The Hindu Religion, to get married a couple must have mutual compatibility in at least 10 matching aspects. They are called 10 Poruthams of Indian Marriage. These 10 Matches (poruthams) are Dinam, Ganam, Yoni, Rasi, Rasiyathipathi, Rajju, Vedha, Vasiya, Mahendhram, Stree Deergam, Vethai. The astrologer or Vedic pundit examines the astrology record of bride and groom, finds the compatibility and discusses this with parents of the couple. When a man and woman who have at least 8 matches compatibility, the parents agree to go ahead and conduct the marriage ceremony.

9 Planets and their Planetary Positions

assorted planet decorOne of the other checkpoints for fixing the wedding day is based on the planetary positions as per Hindu Astrology. There are auspicious months in a year to get married. Then there are auspicious days in such months and auspicious hours to tied the knot. This will vary for people with different astro profiles. Indian astrology system is based on blended understanding of scientific and religious principles. Many families take the Vedic astrology very much seriously and follow them to the core. They may even postpone the wedding for months or even years if the astrologer recommends to do so.

8 Directions, Relatives invited from

After a formal meet between the two families to decide upon the marriage ceremony, both the families will invite their relatives from all the 8 directions. At least anywhere between 500 to 2500 or even more number of relatives, friends, colleagues, neighbours and acquaintances are invited for the engagement ceremony and wedding ceremony to bless the couple. For at least the nearest and dearest of relatives and friends, the parents of the two families will go in person to invite for the wedding ceremony.

7 Swaras of Music

Music is an integral part of Indian weddings. Culturally, Indian Weddings will have traditional music close to their religions or geography played. In India, Music is considered to be given by the Gods themselves. Music connects religions and develops strong ties during worships and attain emotional and spiritual heights. Indian Carnatic Music has 7 Swaras as their base and foundation for the whole music. The seven Swaras are shadja, rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, panchama, dhaivata and nishada and their shortened form is Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni.

6 Tastes of Food

According to Hinduism, there are 6 tastes. These are Sweet, Sour, Salt, Bitter, Pungent, Astringent. Indian foods are well-known across the world for their balance of tastes, spices and health. According to different states and regional practices, the foods served in the wedding ceremony differ entirely. However, the wedding ceremony feast will definitely have these 6 sweets covered as part of the menu. Basic principle is that the food must be complete and holistic to be served to the relatives come for the wedding.

5 Forces of Nature

Indian Shaadi Homam fire Ritual
Indian Shaadi Homam fire Ritual

Water, Soil, Air, Fire and Aakash (sky) – are the five forces of Nature according to Indian Beliefs. We believe that everything in the world is made of different combinations of these 5 forces of nature. These beliefs are scientifically proved to be true as well. Indians have understood these principles of nature thousands of years back and have constantly preached to next generation people. To respect the 5 forces of nature, Indian weddings have different practices followed during the marriage ceremony.

4 Vedas Blessings

As per The Hindu religion, there are 4 Vedas. Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana. Each of these vedas were offered for different aspects of life. To live a holistic and fulfilled life, a Hindu must read, understand and lead a life as per these 4 Vedas. Mantras or verses from these vedas are chanted during the wedding ceremony by Vedic pundits. The chanting of these Vedic mantras is to get blessings from the 4 Vedas. The belief is that the couple is expected to lead a life as per the Vedas and they get needed blessings and support from the Vedas.

3 Knots on Mangal Sutra

In a Hindu Wedding, the Groom ties 3 Knots in the Mangal Sutra around the Bride’s neck. Each knot means something and has deeper meanings and secret messages to the couple. There are many ways the three knots are being interpreted. Knot 1 symbolizes the union and commitment of the couple. Knot 2 is to ensure the union and commitment of the two families. Knot 3 is to get an assurance from the groom’s family to ensure the bride’s well-being. One other variation to interpret the meaning of three knots of mangal sutra is First knot is the groom’s promise to the bride that he takes her as the soul partner for the rest of his life. (Manasa – consciously, Vaacha (expressing orally), Karmena (actions and deed). Also as per few traditions, Indian married women change their Mangal Sutra every year and get a new one tied. These habits constantly remind them of the core values of Indian Wedding.

2 Souls and their lifetime bond

Indian Bride Groom Wedding
Indian Bride Groom Wedding

Ultimately the marriage is between two souls that come from different families, different culture, different rituals, geographies that decide to become one. The marriage is an ultimate institution that unites not only just the two souls but also two families and their extended family members. So necessary arrangements are made to make sure the bride and groom understand each other and successfully become one and unite two families to have joyful life.

1 United for Life

Marriage is a life time bond created that unites the bride and groom. Indian arranged marriages generally go by these practices and many more to make sure the wedding couple lives a joyful life in the society.

Given the 1000s of years of historic beliefs and real-life examples, countless stories we hear around there are both concurrence and disbeliefs in these systems. But for sure, these beliefs have tied up the family bonding in India for so many centennials.

What do you think about these beliefs and practices of traditional Indian arranged marriages? Subscribe to our blog and register to start interacting in comments section below.

Top-10-Reasons-why-you-should-not-visit-India

Top 10 Reasons why you should not visit India

Don’t get me wrong! This post is not intended to shoo away visitors who wish to come India. I welcome International travelers from all the countries in the world to visit India, get a glimpse of our culture, taste our food, witness great monuments take away some excellent memories,  keen and eager to invite all the world’s population

I have listed ten aspects that we cherish and follow. If visitors have any ideas or perceptions not so favorable of these, they may choose not to visit India. But they sure do will miss out a great opportunity to taste the culture of India.

  1. Spirituality

People from around the world visit to India in their thirst for self-discovery and spirituality Major spiritual places in India are Rishikesh, Hardwar, Auroville, Bodhgaya, Benares, Dharmshala, and Rameshwaram. As the people increasingly becoming capitalistic, the seeking for spirituality grows in urgency. Those who truly understand spirituality will agree that it is beyond religions and languages. So, if you truly don’t want to witness spirituality in its originality and variety, you should choose to skip visiting India.

  1. Visual chaos

You may find ton of a things to be said for chaos but also a lot to be said for learning to let fly and go with the wonderfully chaotic flow of human aura. Because rush hour here is like nothing you’ve ever experienced before in any part of the word. There is absolute madness. But Indians sure do know how to navigate this chaos and get things done in style.

  1. Train Ride – A Lifetime experience

Indian Railways is the world’s second biggest employer, and the train system in India is mixed with the fun and excitement of travelling with the Indian Railways, simply makes for an amazing experience! By taking a train ride, you will get to experience remote and inner beauty of Indian countryside, diverse landscapes and people across the country.

Read our post Top 10 Things and Experiences about Traveling in Indian Railway Trains

  1. Indian Architecture

One of the most enduring achievements of Indian civilization is undoubtedly its architecture, which extends to a great deal more than the Taj Mahal to 1000’s of architectural wonder across the country; it will take a life time to see all these classics. But make sure to visit monuments, temples, mountain peaks of India.

Read our post Top 10 Largest and Famous Hindu Temples in India

  1. Shopping

In India, a trip to a Market is much more like a full-on cultural immersion. Experience the process of finding a good treasure and get into the mood of the place by haggling over the price.

  1. The Himalayas

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The Himalayan range has many of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest.

Read our post on Top Ten Highest Mountain Peaks in India

  1. Festivals

India is a land of festivals, where people from different religions coexist harmoniously. The wide variety of festivals celebrated in India is a true manifestation of its rich culture and traditions. There are many Indian festivals and celebrations are Dussehra, Kali Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Basanta Panchami, Makar Sankranti, Janmastami,Pongal, Ram Navami, Akshya Tritiya, Holi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha , Muharram observed , Christmas Day and Guru Nanak Jayanati.

Read our post on Top 10 festivals celebrated in India and their Dates in 2018

  1. Yoga

There are many yoga teachers and schools ain India to choose from. Yoga tours provide both physical and mental therapy. India has been the land of saints and sages who mediated, practiced and perfected Yoga.

  1. Diversity

From Knayakumari to Kashmir and from Assam to Gujarat, you will find diverse culture, language and landscape. If you want to miss this most unique aspect of India, it’s cultural diversity, then you might as well skip visiting India.

  1. Wildlife

A visit to India will give you the opportunity to get a snapshot of the diversity of wildlife in India. India is among the 17 mega diverse countries which has about 60-70% of bio-diversity on the planet. Distinct animals found in India are Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros, Nilgiri Tahr, Bengal Tigers, Asiatic Lion, Black Buck, Lion Tailed Macaque and Snow Leopard.

Like I said in the beginning, this post truly emphasizes Top 10 reasons on why one should visit India. Join me in the comments section below with your pointers and ideas.

 

Top-Ten-Famous-and-Largest-Temples-of-India

Top 10 Largest and Famous Hindu Temples in India

India is known as the Land of temples. People who visit India from across the Globe cannot go without visiting or crossing over a Temple. The entire Nation is filled with supreme religious structures created 1000s of years before. These Temples not only preserve the Nation’s religious beliefs, but also demonstrate the engineering and architecture wonder of the people.

Here is the list of Top Ten Largest and Famous Hindu Temples in India.

Rank – 1               

  • Name of the temple – Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
  • Area (m²) – 631,000
  • Place – Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Built – 1st century AD

Often called as Thiruvarangam, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is the first and foremost of the eight self-manifested shrines of Great Lord Vishnu. There are more than 21 magnificent towers. This Temple is located in a islet created by two rivers. The area in which this temple is built is enormous.

Rank – 2

  • Name of the temple – Akshardham
  • Area (m²) – 240,000
  • Place – Delhi
  • Architecture – Aryan
  • Timeline – 2005

70% of all the foreign and domestic Tourists of Delhi visit this temple without fail. Akshardham or Swaminarayan Akshardham complex is a Hindu mandir, and a spiritual-cultural campus in New Delhi, India. Also referred to as Akshardham Temple or Swaminarayan Akshardham, the complex displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture.

Rank- 3

  • Name of the temple – Belur Math, Ramakrishna temple
  • Area (m²) – 160,000
  • Place – Howrah, West Bengal
  • Architecture – Aryan
  • Timeline – 1938

Beluṛ Maṭh is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda, a chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are worldwide, non-political, non-sectarian spiritual organizations which have been engaged in various forms of humanitarian, social service activities for more than a century.

Rank- 4

  • Name of the temple – Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram
  • Area (m²) – 160, 000
  • Place- Chithambaram, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Timeline – 300 BC

Nataraja Temple, also referred to as the Chidambaram Nataraja temple or Thillai Nataraja temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Nataraja – Shiva as the lord of dance – in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple has mythical roots and a Shiva shrine existed at the site when the town was known as Thillai.

Rank – 5

  • Name of the temple – Brihadeeswarar Temple
  • Area (m²) – 102,400
  • Place – Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture- Dravidian
  • Timeline – 1010 AD

Brihadeshwara Temple (Tamil:Peruvudaiyar Kovil) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva. It is located in Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is also known as Periya Kovil, RajaRajeswara Temple and Rajarajeswaram. It is one of the largest temples in India. Brihadeshwara is an example of Tamizhan architecture.

Rank- 6

  • Name of the temple – Annamalaiyar Temple
  • Area (m²) – 101,171
  • Place – Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Timeline – 9th century AD

Annamalaiyar Temple is a Tamil Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located at the base of Annamalai hills in the town of Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu, India. It is significant to the Hindu sect of Saivism as one of the temples associated with the five elements, the Pancha Bhoota Stalas, and specifically the element of fire, or Agni. Shiva is worshiped as Annamalaiyar or Arunachaleswarar, and is represented by the lingam, with his idol referred to as Agni lingam. His consort Parvati is depicted as Unnamalai Amman.

Rank- 7

  • Name of the temple – Rajagopalaswamy temple
  • Area (m²) – 93,000
  • Place – Mannargudi, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Timeline – 1070 AD

Rajagopalaswamy temple is a Vaishnavite shrine located in the town of Mannargudi, Tamil Nadu, India. The presiding deity is Rajagopalaswamy, a form of Lord Krishna. The temple is spread over an area of 23 acres (93,000 m2) and is one of the important Vaishnavite shrines in India. The temple is called Champakaranya Sthalam , Dakshina Dwarka (Southern Dwarka) along with Guruvayoor by Hindus.

Rank – 8

  • Name of the temple – Ekambareswarar Temple
  • Area (m²) – 92,860
  • Place – Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Timeline – 600 AD

Ekambareswarar Temple, Kanchipuram. Ekambareswarar Temple, also known as Ekambaranathar temple is one of the most popular temples of Kanchipuram, the ‘City of Temples’. Also one of the Panch Bootha Sthalangal of God Shiva, this city is also one of the seven great holy centers of ancient India.

Rank – 9

  • Name of the temple – Varadharaja Perumal Temple
  • Area (m²) – 82,000
  • Place – Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
  • Architecture – Dravidian
  • Timeline – 1053 AD

Varadharaja Perumal Temple or Hastagiri or Attiyuran is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu believed to have been visited by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars. It is located in a suburb of Kanchipuram known as the Vishnu Kanchi that is a home for many famous Vishnu temples.

Rank  – 10

  • Name of the temple – Thyagaraja Temple
  • Area (m²) -81,000
  • Place – Tiruvarur
  • Architecture -Dravidain
  • Timeline – 1012–1044 AD

Thyagarajar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Hindu god Shiva. It is located in Tiruvottiyur in the northern part of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is revered by the Tevaram hymns of Saiva nayanars, the 7th century Tamil saint poets and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. The temple is closely associated with the saint poet Sundarar and Pattinathar. The temple has been in vogue from the Pallava times of the 7th century and widely expanded by Chola kings during the 11th century.

Top-10-Sacred-Holy-threads-worn-by-Indians-and-their-significance

Top 10 Sacred threads worn by Indians and their Significance

India is rich and versatile in it’s diversified culture. There are so many religions, communities and castes and each one of them have their own set of beliefs and rituals. It’s a great wonder how this nation can support such a diversity and keep the unity.

Foreigners and even many Indians wonder why we wear sacred threads? There are so many colors. What each one signify? What are the beliefs behind wearing them? etc.. In this blogpost, we decode the top ten sacred threads worn by Indians and their significance.

1) Kalava (Red Thread):

Kalava is worn by both Indian men and women on their wrists. The elder person of the family or priest ties the thread on the right wrist of men and unmarried women and on the left wrist of married women. The main significance of wearing this sacred red thread is to receive blessing from Trideva – Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh and Tridevis – Saraswathi, Lakshmi, Durga. From ancient times, it is believed that wearing a Kalava protects the person from evil eyes and enemies. The red thread, also called as Mauli or Charadu is mainly tied during Pooja in Northern parts of India.

2) Mangalsutra (Yellow thread on neck):

During Hindu weddings, a yellow thread is tied around bride’s neck with three knots by the groom as the priest recites Mantra. The mangalsutra signifies that the woman is married. The thread is first soaked in Haldi/ Turmeric and the colour yellow symbolises prosperity and happiness. The married women wears the thread forever to attain and long life of the husband. The mangalsutra is Yellow colored in South India. The Mangalsutra in North Indian style will have beads and metal based ornaments.

3) Black thread:

You would have often seen people wearing Black thread around neck, wrist, waist and ankles. Black color is believed to protect us from evil forces. When the black thread tied around waist of small children, it is believed to protect the child from evil eyes. Even in these days, girls from rural places are seen wearing black thread around their ankle to protect from negative energies. Tying the black thread around a newborn neck, protects the child from evil spirits. Especially in south India you will see the usage of Black Threads.

4) Janeu (White Thread):

White thread is worn by few communities of people who follow Hindu religion. The male member of the family is made to wear the three fold thread over the left shoulder under the right arm during the ‘Upanayana ceremony’ or the ‘Thread Ceremony’. It symbolises that the boy is now ‘Brahmachaari’ and is beginning his education on Vedas and Upanishads.

5) Rakhi:

Rakhi thread is tied around the wrist of brother by his sister during a festival called Raksha Bandhan that is celebrated on the full moon day on the month of Sravana (Shravana Poornima). Rakhi means Protection. The sister wishes her brother good health and success while the brother takes vow to stand by his sister through thick and thin. Rakhi symbolises the strength and bond of siblings.

6) Orange / Saffron Thread

Devotees of Guru Sai Baba use to wear a flavor of Orange Saffron Thread.

7) Yellow Thread on Hand

Scientifically, yellow colour represents – Positivity, Happiness and Hope. The person who ties a yellow thread on his wrist is believed to attain prosperity in everything he does. Yellow color in spiritual world signifies a lot. Devotees of several spiritual Gurus like Vallalar (South), Vethathiri Maharishi (South India) tie yellow threads during every full moon day and.

8) Green thread

Shiny Green Threads are worn by few people who are from the Agriculture background and who support nature. Green threads signifies Mother Nature and people tie it to show their support for preserving nature and fight against deforestation.

Also some wear green threads when they follow Lord Guberan (God of Wealth). The belief is to remain prosperous with blessings from the Lord of Wealth.

9) Multicolor Raksha Sutra

Then there are threads with several other color variations. Pale Red color for Lord Ayyappa (Kerala). Bright Orange color threads are worn by devotees of Lord Hanuman who gives confidence and strength.

10) Fashion Threads

Wearing fashion threads on wrist has always been on vogue. A pop of colour adds glamour to a dull boring outfit. These fashion threads can be worn around wrist and neck and sometimes around ankle. These days we can find small embellishments and trinkets embedded in the thread that brings in a lot of life to the accessory. Wearing fashion threads is a timeless way of adding more appeal to the personality. Varying from brown thread with wooden beads that go well with monochrome dresses to colourful threads with tassels and pom poms that is best paired for boho type dresses, there one for every outfit.

Aside the religious and psychological beliefs of people, these sacred threads also have some scientific significance. Science says, when these threads are tied on wrists, they balance the three doshas –  Refer here; what is a Dosha? Vata, Pitta and Gapa. If the person who wears have a balanced Vata, Pitta and Gapa, he will not be affected by any health effects.

What’s your experience with wearing sacred threads? Join with me in comments below.